COVID-19 vaccination: guide for people with a weakened immune system

COVID-19 vaccination: guide for people with a weakened immune system

The JCVI has stated that there is clear evidence that certain Black, Asian and minority ethnic (BAME) groups have higher rates of infection, and higher rates of serious disease, morbidity and mortality due to COVID-19. There is no evidence to indicate that drinking alcohol within the recommended weekly limits will have any impact on the vaccine’s effectiveness. You can still have the COVID-19 vaccine if you have an allergy to penicillin, latex, insect stings, dust mites, and food including nuts and eggs, as long as you are not allergic to any component of the vaccine. If you had a reaction to the first dose of the COVID-19 vaccine, inform your vaccinator or GP as you may require a prolonged observation period or they may need to seek advice from an Allergy Specialist. Any person with a history of anaphylaxis to any component of the vaccine should not receive it. A second dose of the vaccine should not be given to those who have experienced anaphylaxis to the first dose of it.

  • If you have any questions during your recovery, such as what you can and can’t do, contact your transplant team.
  • Occasionally, some people with lymphoma might need an operation to remove their spleen (a splenectomy).
  • Professor Sean Lim is continuing a large-scale study in people with lymphoma called PROSECO, which will include people with both Hodgkin lymphoma and non-Hodgkin lymphoma (see above).
  • It’s thought that chemotherapy drugs can’t pass into vaginal fluids or semen, but this can’t be completely ruled out as chemotherapy drugs can pass into the blood and some other body fluids.

COVID-19 vaccines have repeatedly been shown to be highly effective at protecting against serious and symptomatic disease, including hospitalisation, but no vaccine is 100% effective. Once you are vaccinated you should therefore continue to adhere to appropriate public health measures including, social distancing, hand washing and wearing face coverings to keep others safe. The purpose of the vaccines are to protect us from becoming seriously ill and or hospitalised as a result of COVID-19 infection. The COVID-19 vaccines have and continue to save lives across the world but they do not fully protect against transmission. The vaccine trials have included individuals of all ages up to over 80 years of age.

Cancer treatments that use the immune system

When people had a higher risk condition, and then also had a higher risk treatment, this increases the level of risk further. Accept invitations from your GP to take part in national screening programmes, such as for breast and bowel cancer. This is especially important for cervical cancer screening, sometimes called a smear test.

  • This is because their health conditions or medical treatment may prevent their immune system from producing a good response to Covid-19 vaccination.
  • So it’s important to continue following government guidance, even after you’ve had the vaccine.
  • 36 people did have an antibody response following vaccination but 31 did not.
  • As far as we know, patients with allergies should not in any way have an impaired response to infection.

Vaccination should be postponed for at least four weeks after onset of symptoms or four weeks from the first PCR or lateral flow positive test, in those persons who did not have symptoms. For children aged 5-17 this should be extended to 12 weeks following a COVID-19 infection. There is no evidence that strenuous exercise increases the risk of developing myocarditis following vaccination. Anyone who develops these symptoms within 10 days of a COVID-19 vaccination should seek medical assistance urgently. Most of these cases are mild and recover in a short time period with standard treatment. First and second vaccine doses are still available for individuals who are not yet fully vaccinated.

Can children get the Covid-19 vaccines?

Consider wearing a well-fitting face covering in crowded public spaces. You can read about the thymus, spleen and lymph nodes on our page about the lymphatic system and cancer. Other types of vaccine use killed bacteria or viruses, or parts of proteins that bacteria and viruses produce. Stay up-to-date with the latest lymphoma news, events, support services, campaigns and ways you can get involved – and receive our Lymphoma Matters magazine.

A past medical history of myocarditis or pericarditis that is not related to COVID-19 vaccination does not prevent an individual receiving a COVID-19 vaccine. You should follow existing advice to reduce the spread of COVID-19 as this will enable you to avoid becoming ill with COVID-19 or other respiratory illnesses, before and after vaccination. Wear a face covering and adhere to social distancing when attending the Vaccine Clinic. Your vaccinator will provide advice on how long you need to wait after the vaccine before going home and any other important information.

Below we explain results from studies looking at leukaemia and covid vaccine efficacy, including one study covering ALL, five studies about CLL, and two studies about CML and vaccine efficacy. A study called OCTAVE DUO is looking at how effective a third dose of the vaccine might be for people with suppressed immune systems. An antibody test is a blood test to check whether you’ve made antibodies to covid, either through vaccination or previous infection.

It’s important to note that the presence of steroids in the body does not necessarily mean they are actively affecting the immune system. Understanding the metabolism and elimination process of steroids can help healthcare providers determine the appropriate duration and dosage for individual patients, minimizing the potential for immune system compromise. Steroids can suppress the immune system, making individuals more susceptible to infections and illnesses. Understanding the length of this compromise is essential for those who have undergone steroid therapy. The duration of immune system suppression can vary based on several factors, including the type and dosage of the steroid used, as well as the individual’s overall health.

What should you do after you get your first Covid-19 vaccine?

This fell even more in people who had received treatments in the last 12 months. A study called CAPTURE, run by the Francis Crick Institute in London, has recently published data looking at how well people with blood cancer are able to destroy the Omicron covid variant. For people with blood cancer, if they’d had two doses of the covid vaccine, only 19% could neutralise Omicron, but in those who’d had a third dose of the vaccine, this increased to 56%. It is hoped that a fourth booster dose could increase this proportion even further. Evidence shows high levels of short-term protection from first doses of the Pfizer-BioNTech, AstraZeneca and Moderna vaccines, including against severe disease. In addition to this, the research demonstrates higher levels of protection as a result of increased immune response, where longer intervals are left between the first and second vaccine doses.

Individuals with bleeding disorders should check with their GP or specialist to check if it is safe for them to receive the vaccine. If you receive medication/ treatment to reduce bleeding, for example treatment for haemophilia, vaccination can be scheduled shortly after such medication/treatment is given. You can also find out what’s helping other people affected by blood cancer through coronavirus and beyond in our pages on living well with or after blood cancer. The studies above give us helpful indications about vaccine efficacy in people with different types of blood cancer, but there are also limitations to these studies at the moment. If you’re in remission from a blood cancer you’ve had in the past (but don’t have any more), we don’t yet know how effective the covid vaccine will be for you.